• Cheek

What the F is: legal edition (pt2)

Updated: Feb 28, 2021

Our 'What the F is' section breaks down big, complex concepts in digestible formats.

When I started this legal glossary, I thought it would be a 'one and done' scenario, but the list kept growing. This glossary covers the legal basics from letters D to H, to provide you with a more informed understanding of the law and its language - outside of SVU. To read the A - C glossary, click here.


A court order for money to be paid to someone to compensate them for a loss. Different categories of damages exist e.g. exemplary damages, punitive damages, special damages.


The damage caused to a person’s reputation by publishing or communicating false statements about them.


A record of evidence provided on oath during a committal hearing.


Required sharing of documents between parties before a case is heard in court.

Duty of Care:

The obligation to take reasonable care to avoid harming someone or something.


A legal right over another person’s land. This does not necessarily relate to ownership rights, but predominantly to rights over things like shared driveways and 'right of way' stipulations.

Enduring Power:

Authority directed to a person to make decisions on behalf of another. The authority remains valid even when that person is no longer mentally competent. Can be financial or medical in nature.


The legal rule that prevents a person from going back on what they stipulated they would do in an agreement, which has been relied on by another person, resulting in a disadvantage to them.

Ex Parte:

An application to a court made by one party where the other party is not aware of the court action.


The person named in a will who ensures the person’s intentions are carried out.


Sending a person from one country to another country to face criminal charges.


An obligation to act honestly and for the benefit of another person, a specific relationship.


A dishonest action or omission with the intention to deceive someone.


A person who is legally responsible for the care of another person.


Statements that have not been seen or heard by the witness, but has been told to them by another person. Think of it as gossip as opposed to a first hand account or experience, usually not allowed in court.